In order for Perrigo, one of the most successful manufacturers of over-the-counter medications in the United States, to steer clear of paying more than one hundred million dollars in federal taxes, tax advisors at the multinational advising company EY hatched a complex plan. However, the independent auditors of the corporation, who worked for the accounting firm BDO, had some reservations about the setup’s legitimacy.
Soon after, Perrigo switched from using BDO as its auditor to using EY. At least one executive from EY has voiced worry that the tax shelter that his colleagues have built is too aggressive.
Despite this, auditors working for EY, which is also known as Ernst & Young, ultimately gave their approval to the transactions, which the federal government now claims were fraudulent. This is according to previously unreported documents that were made public in a court case that took place in the previous year.
It is common knowledge that accountants are known as “bean counters.” Investors need to be able to believe that the data provided by corporations are trustworthy and have been evaluated by competent outsiders in order for global capitalism to function properly. In essence, their audits are a keystone of global capitalism. Therefore, in order to be listed on a major stock market and to attract large investments, it is necessary to have the financial accounts of your company audited and approved by a recognised accounting firm.
It is possible that the Big Four accounting companies of EY, KPMG, PwC, and Deloitte have become the most influential private sector force in the development of tax policy in the United States. They advocate to federal authorities for changes to the tax regulations that would benefit their customers. A regular stream of attorneys from the companies cycle into high tax posts in the Treasury Department, where they develop regulations that are beneficial to their former clients. These lawyers are hired and fired at a rapid pace.
A spokesperson for EY named Brendan Mullin said that the company stood behind the work that it did for Perrigo. It was brought to his attention that EY did not take up the role of auditor for Perrigo until after BDO had validated the company’s financial accounts for the first year that the tax arrangement had been in effect.
Auditing firms such as Arthur Andersen were sometimes doing everything they could to please lucrative clients, rather than protecting investors from deceitful executives, when a wave of corporate frauds occurred in the early 2000s, including at Enron. This brought to light the fact that auditing firms sometimes put client satisfaction ahead of protecting investors.
EY devised a workaround for the problem. In order to acquire the omeprazole, Perrigo established a company in Israel; nevertheless, this firm had neither personnel nor offices. After then, the tablets were sold to Perrigo in the United States via the shell firm, who made a profit. This meant that the majority of Perrigo’s money from the tablets stayed in Israel rather than the United States, where it was outside the reach of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Furthermore, due to the peculiarities of Israeli tax legislation, the gains were not subject to taxation in Israel at any point.
Drug corporations like Merck and Pfizer have been pioneers in minimising their U.S. taxes by utilising subsidiaries in low-tax nations like Ireland and Switzerland. This is a strategy that was followed by Perrigo, which was following a formula that was pioneered by Big Pharma. The Internal Revenue Service has, throughout the years, disputed a number of similar arrangements, including one that Bristol Myers utilised to transfer earnings to Ireland.
According to internal EY papers that were made public during the case with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), auditors at BDO indicated concerns in June 2008 about the tax strategy that EY and Perrigo had designed. Auditors expressed their concerns to Bill DeGood, who serves as Perrigo’s worldwide tax director and was formerly employed by EY. The auditors were concerned about the manner in which Perrigo was distributing its income between Israel and the United States. It is possible that an artificially low tax bill in the United States was the result of an excessive amount of earnings moving to an untaxed Israeli subsidiary.
Derek Burgess, a tax consultant working for EY in the Grand Rapids, Michigan office, and a few of his coworkers came to the conclusion that Perrigo was funnelling an excessive amount of earnings through the Israeli subsidiary, which might result in the company underpaying its taxes in the United States. Because EY would be required to attest to Perrigo’s tax return, he was particularly worried about the possibility of the accounting firm being held liable alongside Perrigo in the event that it was subsequently discovered that Perrigo had not paid the correct amount of taxes.
The Justice Department attorneys who were defending the Internal Revenue Service used unusually harsh language to condemn EY in a court file that was submitted in August of last year. They said that the company was complicit in a “shell game” as well as a “flagrant tax scheme gone bad.” They said that EY had provided Perrigo with faulty economic assessments in order to justify the company’s profitable tax approach, but that these analyses “were not established in truth or economic reality.”
Perrigo currently claims that its headquarters are in Ireland; as a result, it is virtually free from paying taxes in the United States, which is both the country in which the vast majority of its senior executives are based and by far the company’s most important market.