The final official numbers released on Wednesday indicated that life expectancy in the United States fell by 1.8 years in 2020, the greatest decline in more than 75 years, owing in major part to the Covid-19 epidemic.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the average life expectancy at birth for the whole United States population was 77.0 years last year, down from 78.8 years the previous year (CDC).
The average age of males was 74.2 years, while the average age of women was 79.9 years.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that Covid was the third-leading cause of mortality overall, accounting for 350,000 fatalities, or slightly over 10 percent of all recorded deaths. The study confirmed preliminary figures from July.
In addition, several other causes of mortality have risen, which may be connected to the difficulty in obtaining health treatment as a result of the epidemic. Diabetes fatalities surpassed 100,000 for the first time, while accidental/unintentional injury deaths surpassed 200,000 for the first time, both records.
The new figures come after the United States Census Bureau published a statement saying that the pandemic had caused population growth to reach its lowest rate in history, in part owing to fatalities caused by the virus and a decrease in immigration to the country.
The population of the United States increased by 392,665 people, or 0.1 percent, in the 12 months that ended on July 1, according to the Census Bureau, which called it “the lowest pace since the nation’s establishment.”
Combined with the effect of the Covid-19 epidemic, this combination has produced in a rate of growth that is historically sluggish.
Despite a reduction in immigration during the most recent 12-month period, net foreign migration of 244,622 for the first time ever surpassed the “natural rise” in the number of births in the United States over the number of deaths — 148,043 in 2020 — according to the Census Bureau.
Because of the pandemic-related delays in processing the statistics, the Census Bureau’s most recent population report utilised blended data, which combined estimates from the once-every-decade 2020 census with data from other sources, such as birth, death, and migration records.
According to the Census Bureau, between 2020 and 2021, 33 states experienced population growth while 17 states and the District of Columbia experienced population declines, with 11 of those states experiencing population losses of more than 10,000 people, according to the agency, which described the number of states losing residents as “historically large.”
According to a different research, Texas saw the largest population rise, with a 1.1 percent increase, mostly as a result of domestic migration into the state and growing net birth rates.
According to the agency, New York had the largest reduction, with a 1.6 percent drop in the year, mostly as a result of internal migration out of the state.